Friday, June 19, 2009

Health Tips for June 19

Health Tip: Help Prevent Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome occurs when being overweight or obese -- combined with other risk factors -- increase a person's chances of developing heart disease and diabetes.

These risk factors include abdominal obesity, elevated triglycerides, high blood pressure, elevated blood sugar and a poor ratio of good-to-bad cholesterol.

The U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute suggests how you can help prevent metabolic syndrome:

  • Maintain a healthy body-mass index (BMI) of less than 25.
  • Keep your waistline at a healthy size. Less than 35 inches for women and 40 inches for men is ideal.
  • Maintain a healthy body weight. Talk to your doctor about the best weight for you.
  • Stick to a low-calorie, low-cholesterol and low-fat eating plan.
  • Get regular exercise. In general, 60 minutes worth, five-to-seven days per week, is recommended for most people.
  • Visit your doctor regularly, and frequently test your blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar.

Health Tip: Understanding Various Types of Insulin

If you or a loved one has diabetes, you know that insulin is a lifeline to better health. But not all types of insulin are the same.

The American Diabetes Association offers this information about insulin's different forms:

  • "Rapid-acting" insulin, often called Humalog or lispro, begins to work right away after injection and is most effective after about an hour. It's usually taken just before mealtime.
  • "Regular," or short-acting insulin, may be taken 30 minutes to 45 minutes before meals, but it takes longer to work, and keeps working longer.
  • "Intermediate-acting" insulin, often called NPH or Lente, is combined with another substance that helps it work more slowly. This type of insulin can last as long as 18 hours.
  • "Long-acting" insulin, dubbed Ultralente, is commonly taken early in the morning or at bedtime, and can last for up to 20 hours.
  • "Very long-acting insulin," or glargine, begins working about an hour after it's injected and can remain consistently effective for about 24 hours.

No comments: